45. C.-E. Kim, R.M. Rahimi, T.L. Maxwell, T.J. Balk, D.F. Bahr, “Age-Hardening in a Two Component Immiscible Nanolaminate Metal System”, Scripta Materialia, 136, pp. 33-36 (2017). DOI: 10.1016/j.scriptamat.2017.03.037

44. M. Bürckert, N.J. Briot and T.J. Balk, “Uniaxial Compression Testing of Bulk Nanoporous Gold”, Philosophical Magazine, 97, pp. 1157-1178 (2017). DOI: 10.1080/14786435.2017.1292060

43. Q.F. Zhou, T.J. Balk and M.J. Beck, “Interplay of Composition, Structure and Electron Density of States in W-Os Cathode Materials and Relationship with Thermionic Emission”, Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A, 35, 021601.1-7 (2017). DOI: 10.1116/1.4972857

42. J. Schoop, F. Ambrosy, F. Zanger, V. Schulze, I.S. Jawahir and T.J. Balk, “Increased Surface Integrity in Porous Tungsten from Cryogenic Machining with Cermet Cutting Tool”, Materials and Manufacturing Processes, 31, pp. 823-831 (2016). DOI: 10.1080/10426914.2015.1048467

41. J. Schoop, I.S. Jawahir and T.J. Balk, “Size Effects in Finish Machining of Porous Powdered Metal for Engineered Surface Quality”, Precision Engineering – Journal of the International Societies for Precision Engineering and Nanotechnology, 44, pp. 180-191 (2016). DOI: 10.1016/j.precisioneng.2015.12.004

40. J. Schoop, F. Ambrosy, F. Zanger, V. Schulze, T.J. Balk and I.S. Jawahir, “Cryogenic Machining of Porous Tungsten for Enhanced Surface Integrity”, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 229, pp. 614-621 (2016). DOI: 10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2015.10.002

39. N.J. Briot and T.J. Balk, “Developing Scaling Relations for the Yield Strength of Nanoporous Gold”, Philosophical Magazine, 95, pp. 2955-2973 (2015). DOI: 10.1080/14786435.2015.1078512

38. P.D. Swartzentruber, M.J. Detisch and T.J. Balk, “Composition and Work Function Relationship in Os-Ru-W Ternary Alloys”, Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A, 33, 021405.1-7 (2015). DOI: 10.1116/1.4905499

37. L. Wang and T.J. Balk, “Synthesis of Nanoporous Nickel Thin Films from Various Precursors”, Philosophical Magazine Letters, 94, pp. 573-581 (2014). DOI: 10.1080/09500839.2014.944600

36. P.D. Swartzentruber, T.J. Balk and M.P. Effgen, “Correlation Between Microstructure and Thermionic Electron Emission from Os-Ru Thin Films on Dispenser Cathodes”, Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A, 32, 040601.1-6 (2014). DOI: 10.1116/1.4876337

35. Y. Sun, S.A. Burger and T.J. Balk, “Controlled Ligament Coarsening in Nanoporous Gold by Annealing in Vacuum Versus Nitrogen”, Philosophical Magazine, 94, pp. 1001-1011 (2014). DOI: 10.1080/14786435.2013.876113

34. J. Schoop and T.J. Balk, “Engineering Defect-Free Nanoporous Pd from Optimized Pd-Ni Precursor Alloy by Understanding Palladium-Hydrogen Interactions During Dealloying”, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, 45, pp. 2309-2314 (2014). DOI: 10.1007/s11661-013-2154-4

33. N.J. Briot, T. Kennerknecht, C. Eberl and T.J. Balk, “Mechanical Properties of Bulk Single Crystalline Nanoporous Gold Investigated by Millimetre-Scale Tension and Compression Testing”, Philosophical Magazine, 94, pp. 847-866 (2014). DOI: 10.1080/14786435.2013.868944

32. L. Wang and T.J. Balk, “Using Multilayer Precursors to Create Nanoporous Gold and Nanoporous Iridium Thin Films with Layered Architecture”, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, 45, pp. 1096-1100 (2014). DOI: 10.1007/s11661-013-2171-3

31. L. Wang, N.J. Briot, P.D. Swartzentruber and T.J. Balk, “Magnesium Alloy Precursor Thin Films for Efficient, Practical Fabrication of Nanoporous Metals”, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, 45, pp. 1-5 (2014). DOI: 10.1007/s11661-013-2127-7

30. N. Abdolrahim, D.F. Bahr, B. Revard, C. Reilly, J. Ye, T.J. Balk, H.M. Zbib, “The Mechanical Response of Core-Shell Structures for Nanoporous Metallic Materials”, Philosophical Magazine, 93, pp. 736-748 (2013). DOI: 10.1080/14786435.2012.731528

29. W.-C. Li and T.J. Balk, “Transition from Single- to Multi-layered Structures in Nanoporous Gold-Palladium Ultrathin Films”, Thin Solid Films, 519, pp. 2393–2397 (2011). DOI: 10.1016/j.tsf.2010.11.031

28. W.-C. Li and T.J. Balk, “Achieving Finer Pores and Ligaments in Nanoporous Palladium-Nickel Thin Films”, Scripta Materialia, 62, pp. 167-169 (2010). DOI: 10.1016/j.scriptamat.2009.10.009

27. W.-C. Li and T.J. Balk, “Preparation and Hydrogen Absorption/Desorption of Nanoporous Palladium Thin Films”, Materials, 2, pp. 2496-2509 (2009). DOI: 10.3390/ma2042496

26. T.J. Balk, C. Eberl, Y. Sun, K.J. Hemker and D.S. Gianola, “Tensile and Compressive Microspecimen Testing of Bulk Nanoporous Gold”, JOM, 61, pp. 26-31 (2009). DOI: 10.1007/s11837-009-0176-6

25. W.-C. Li and T.J. Balk, “Effects of Substrate Curvature on Dealloying of Nanoporous Thin Films”, Scripta Materialia, 61, pp. 1125-1128 (2009). DOI: 10.1016/j.scriptamat.2009.09.003

24. W.-C. Li, S. Roberts and T.J. Balk, “Effects of Substrate Bias on Microstructure of Osmium-Ruthenium Coatings for Porous Tungsten Dispenser Cathodes”, IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, 56, pp. 805-811 (2009). DOI: 10.1109/TED.2009.2015628

23. Y. Sun, J. Ye, A.M. Minor and T.J. Balk, “In Situ Indentation of Nanoporous Gold Thin Films in the Transmission Electron Microscope”, Microscopy Research and Technique, 72, pp. 232-241 (2009). DOI: 10.1002/jemt.20676

22. Y. Sun and T.J. Balk, “Evolution of Structure, Composition, and Stress in Nanoporous Gold Thin Films with Grain-Boundary Cracks”, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, 39, pp. 2656-2665 (2008). DOI: 10.1007/s11661-008-9625-z

21. J. Lohmiller, C. Eberl, R. Schwaiger, O. Kraft and T.J. Balk, “Mechanical Spectroscopy of Nanocrystalline Nickel Near Room Temperature”, Scripta Materialia, 59, pp. 467-470 (2008). DOI: 10.1016/j.scriptamat.2008.04.031

20. Y. Sun, K.P. Kucera, S.A. Burger and T.J. Balk, “Microstructure, Stability and Thermomechanical Behavior of Crack-Free Thin Films of Nanoporous Gold”, Scripta Materialia, 58, pp. 1018-1021 (2008). DOI: 10.1016/j.scriptamat.2008.01.036

19. M. Legros, G. Dehm, E. Arzt and T.J. Balk, “Observation of Giant Diffusivity Along Dislocation Cores”, Science, 319, pp. 1646-1649 (2008). DOI: 10.1126/science.1151771

18. Y. Sun and T.J. Balk, “A Multi-Step Dealloying Method to Produce Nanoporous Gold with No Volume Change and Minimal Cracking”, Scripta Materialia, 58, pp. 727-730 (2008). DOI: 10.1016/j.scriptamat.2007.12.008

17. Y. Sun, J. Ye, Z. Shan, A.M. Minor and T.J. Balk, “The Mechanical Behavior of Nanoporous Gold Thin Films”, JOM, 59, pp. 54-58 (2007). DOI: 10.1007/s11837-007-0118-0

16. X. Lu, E. Bischoff, R. Spolenak and T.J. Balk, “Investigation of Dealloying in Au-Ag Thin Films by Quantitative Electron Probe Microanalysis”, Scripta Materialia, 56, pp. 557-560 (2007). DOI: 10.1016/j.scriptamat.2006.12.022

15. T.J. Balk, K.J. Hemker and L.P. Kubin, “On Anomalous Strain Hardening in Iridium Crystals”, Scripta Materialia, 56, pp. 389-392 (2007). DOI: 10.1016/j.scriptamat.2006.10.042

14. X. Lu, T.J. Balk, R. Spolenak and E. Arzt, “Dealloying of Au-Ag Thin Films with a Composition Gradient: Influence on Morphology of Nanoporous Au”, Thin Solid Films, 515, pp. 7122-7126 (2007). DOI: 10.1016/j.tsf.2007.03.023

13. M. Legros, B. Kaouache, P. Gergaud, O. Thomas, G. Dehm, T.J. Balk and E. Arzt, “Pipe-Diffusion Ripening of Si Precipitates in Al-0.5%Cu-1%Si Thin Films”, Philosophical Magazine, 85, pp. 3541-3552 (2005). DOI: 10.1080/14786430500228374

12. C. Daniel, T.J. Balk, T. Wübben and F. Mücklich, “Bio-Mimetic Scaling of Mechanical Behavior of Thin Films, Coatings, and Surfaces by Laser Interference Metallurgy”, Advanced Engineering Materials, 7, pp. 823-826 (2005). DOI: 10.1002/adem.200500110

11. F. Girgsdies, T. Ressler, U. Wild, T. Wübben, T.J. Balk, G. Dehm, L. Zhou, S. Günther, E. Arzt, R. Imbihl and R. Schlögl, “Strained Thin Copper Films as Model Catalysts in the Materials Gap”, Catalysis Letters, 102, pp. 91-97 (2005). DOI: 10.1007/s10562-005-5208-4

10. T.K. Schmidt, T.J. Balk, G. Dehm and E. Arzt, “Influence of Tantalum and Silver Interlayers on Thermal Stress Evolution in Copper Thin Films on Silicon Substrates”, Scripta Materialia, 50, pp. 733-737 (2004). DOI: 10.1016/j.scriptamat.2003.11.039

9. G. Dehm, T.J. Balk, H. Edongué and E. Arzt, “Small-Scale Plasticity in Thin Cu and Al Films”, Microelectronic Engineering, 70, pp. 412-424 (2003). DOI: 10.1016/S0167-9317(03)00395-2

8. T.J. Balk, G. Dehm and E. Arzt, “Parallel Glide: Unexpected Dislocation Motion Parallel to the Substrate in Ultrathin Copper Films”, Acta Materialia, 51, pp. 4471-4485 (2003). DOI: 10.1016/S1359-6454(03)00282-9

7. G. Dehm, T.J. Balk, B. von Blanckenhagen, P. Gumbsch and E. Arzt, “Dislocation Dynamics in Sub-Micron Confinement: Recent Progress in Cu Thin Film Plasticity”, Zeitschrift für Metallkunde, 93, pp. 383-391 (2002). DOI: 10.3139/146.020383

6. G. Dehm, B.J. Inkson, T. Wagner, T.J. Balk and E. Arzt, “Plasticity and Interfacial Dislocation Mechanisms in Epitaxial and Polycrystalline Al Films Constrained by Substrates”, Journal of Materials Science and Technology, 18, pp. 113-117 (2002).

5. J. Böhm, C.A. Volkert, R. Mönig, T.J. Balk and E. Arzt, “Electromigration-Induced Damage in Bamboo Al Interconnects”, Journal of Electronic Materials, 31, pp. 45-49 (2002). DOI: 10.1007/s11664-002-0171-y

4. T.J. Balk and K.J. Hemker, “High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy of Dislocation Core Dissociations in Gold and Iridium”, Philosophical Magazine A, 81, pp. 1507-1531 (2001). DOI: 10.1080/01418610108214360

3. T.J. Balk and K.J. Hemker, “Experimental Observations of Dislocation Core Structures in Gold and Iridium”, Materials Science and Engineering A, A309-310, pp. 108-112 (2001). DOI: 10.1016/S0921-5093(00)01622-1

2. T.J. Balk, M. Kumar and K.J. Hemker, “Influence of Fe Substitutions on the Deformation Behavior and Fault Energies of Ni3Ge-Fe3Ge L12 Intermetallic Alloys”, Acta Materialia, 49, pp. 1725-1736 (2001).

1. T.J. Balk, M. Kumar and K.J. Hemker, “Relating Alloy Chemistry, Dislocation Structure and Flow Strength in the (NixFe1-x)3Ge System”, Scripta Materialia, 39, pp. 577-582 (1998).